PETRAȘCU (OJOGA), Milița (Militza, Melania Nicolaevici)







CRITICAL REVIEW

     
        Firstly, her sculpture represents an act of resistance to the destruction of the image. The artist’s approach keeps the ambitions of the snapshot and the rigours of classical composition that can also be encountered in the art of the beginning of the century. This fact would help her, in the long period when she worked with Brancusi, to defend herself from the temptations of the great master’s art to try the simple and majestic gesture of brancusian abstraction. The artist proves her training intelligence, a means dictated by her temperament, taking from Brancusi’s lesson only some noticeable formal deviations that give freshness to her works. In portraits, which constitute in an important chapter of her creation, the artist does not search in the complexion of the one depicted a certain "expressive dominant", but she wants to reconstruct, in details, the attributes of a personality. The sensual volume, keeping alive the pulse of the chisel, extinguishes the serious outbreak of the spirituality of the one portrayed (Brâncuşi, N. D. Cocea, George Enescu, Tudor Vianu a.i.).

Constantin Prut (2014)
From Dictionar de arta moderna si contemporana, upcoming edition, Polirom Publishing House, 2015
 


IMAGES



    BIOGRAPHY

    (Chisinau, 1888 - Bucharest, 1976) 

    Academic studies: 
     - Drawing and sculpture courses in Moscow and St. Petersburg, Russia; 
     - Philosophy courses, University of St. Petersburg, Russia; 
    1910 - 1911 - Studies in Munich, under the guidance of the professors Vittorio Guttner and Cipri Adolphe Bermann, Germany; 
    1911 (?) - 1913 (?) * - Sculpture lessons under the guidance of Antoine Bourdelle; 
     - Drawing lessons under the guidance of Felix Valloton at Grande Chaumiere Academy, France. 

    Professional activity: 
    1919 - 1923 - Works in the studio of Constantin Brancusi, Paris, France. 

    * Not recorded in official documentation.
     


    PROJECTS

    Solo exhibitions *: 
    1927 - Robert Briand Gallery, Paris, France (together with the painter Georges Valmiera); 
    1933 - "Ileana" Hall, Bucharest, Romania (together with the painter Merica Ramniceanu); 
    1941 - "Jean Feder" Hall, Calea Victoriei, Bucharest, Romania; 
    1958 - Retrospective Exhibition, "Dalles" Hall, Bucharest, Romania; 
    1967 - Retrospective Exhibition, "Orizont" Hall, Bucharest, Romania; 
    1970 - Retrospective Exhibition, Municipal Library, Bucharest, Romania. 

    Group exhibitions: 
    1919 - Salon des indépendants, Paris, France; 
    1924, 1930, 1935 - International Contimporanul Exhibition, Bucharest, Romania; 
    1927 - Exposition d’art roumain. Congres de la Presse Latine, Bucharest (exhibition with catalog, prefaced by Stefan Nenitescu); 
    1930 - Romanian Art Exhibition, Itinerant exhibition, Brussels (Belgium), Amsterdam (Netherlands), The Hague (Netherlands); 
             - "Ileana" Hall, Bucharest (together with Merica Râmniceanu, Marcel Iancu and Irina Codreanu); 
    1930 - 1936, 1940, 1942-1945, 1947 - The Official Graphics Show, Romania; 
    1932 - New Art group exhibition, Bucharest, Romania; 
    1933 - National Futuristic Art Exhibition, Rome, Italy; 
             - Association "Our Group" Exhibition, Bucharest, Romania; 
    1934 - "1934" group exhibition, Romania; 
    1935 - La Roumanie a l’exposition universelle et international de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium (catalog accompanied by texts written by Al. Tzigara-Samurcas and Al. Busuioceanu); 
    1937 - Romanian Pavilion at the Universal Exposition, Paris, France; 
    1938 - Venice Biennale, Italy; 
    1939, 1940, 1943 - Artistic Youth, Bucharest, Romania; 
    1948 - The Flame, Romania (exhibition and catalog, prefaced by Marcel Breslasu); 
    1957 - 10 Years of Creative Fine Arts. 1947 - 1957, The Art Museum of the Romanian People’s Republic (RPR), Bucharest, Romania (exhibition and catalog, prefaced by Al. Ciucurencu); 
    1958 - Fine Arts Exhibition in the Socialist Countries, Moscow, Russia; 
    2012 - Sculptural Archetypes. Wood carving. 1918 - 1999, National Museum of Art of Romania, Bucharest, Romania (exhibition and catalog written by Ana Zoe Pop, with a text by critic and art historian Ioana Vlasiu). 

    Monumental works: 
    1927 - The mosaics and sculpture The Miorita Fountain (architect Octav Doicescu), Bucharest, Romania; 
    1935 - Ecaterina Teodoroiu (fought and died in World War I, monument), Targu Jiu, Gorj, Romania; 
    1942 - Al. Odobescu (writer), located in the circle of writers Cişmigiu Park, Bucharest, Romania. 

    Works in public collections: 
     - Print Cabinet, Romanian Academy Library, Bucharest, Romania; 
     - National Museum of Contemporary Art, Bucharest, Romania; 
     - National Museum of Art of Romania, Bucharest, Romania; 
     - Zambaccian Museum, Bucharest, Romania; 
     - The Museum of History and Art of Bucharest, Romania; 
     - Art Museum, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 
     - Art Museum, Constanta, Romania; 
     - Art Museum, Craiova, Dolj, Romania; 
     - Brukenthal Museum, Sibiu, Romania; 
     - Art Museum, Timisoara, Romania. 

    Awards and honors: 

    1939 - She was awarded the "Elena and Gh. Vlasto for carving" prize, awarded by the Romanian Academy, Romania; 
    1972 - Romanian Fine Arts Union Grand Prize. 

    * Solo exhibitions: 1969 - London, UK.​
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY


    References
    Prut, Constantin, Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art, Encyclopedic Universe Publishing, Bucharest, 2002. 
    Vlasiu, Ioana (eds.), Dictionary of Sculptors from Romania. Letter H - Z, Vol. II, Romanian Academy Publishing, Bucharest, 2012, p. 216-219. 

    Web sources: 
    http://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mili%C8%9Ba_Petra%C8%99cu
    http://artindex.ro/2012/05/16/petrascu-milita-2/
    http://ler.is.edu.ro/~cr/index.php?page=person&id=240

    Critical References: 

    1. Monographs: 
    Vlasiu, Ioana, Milita Petrascu, Arc Publishing, Chisinau, 2004. 

    2. Studies specialized volumes: 
    Barbosa, Octavian, Contemporary Romanian Artists Dictionary, Meridiane Publishing, Bucharest, 1976. 
    Bénézit, E., Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs, Volumes I - VIII, Paris, 1999. 
    Carneci, Magda, Fine Arts in Romania 1945 - 1989, Meridian Publishing, 2000, p. 31. 
    Philip, Paul, Bellu. National Pantheon, Bucharest, 2001, p. 96, 106, 107. 
    Florea, Vasile, Romanian Fine Art History, Litera Publishing International, Bucharest, Chisinau, 1982. 
    Ionescu, Radu, About Romanian Fine art and Sculpture, Maiko Publishing, Bucharest, 2002. 
    Nistor, Simona, Milita Petrascu, Meridiane Publishing, Bucharest, 1973. 
    Oprea, Petre, Artists Participating in the Artistic Youth Society Exhibition (1902 - 1947), Maiko Publishing House, Bucharest, 2006. 
    Oprea, Petre, Painting, Sculpture and Graphics Exhibitors at the Official Shows 1945 - 1947, Ministry of Culture, Bucharest, 2007. 
    Oprea, Petre, Painting, Sculpture and Graphics Exhibitors at the Official Shows 1924 - 1944, Ministry of Culture, Bucharest, 2004. 
    Oprea, Petre, Decorative Carvings on Buildings in Bucharest, Maiko Publishing, Bucharest, 2004. 
    Romanian graphic repertoire of the twentieth century, 7 volumes, Art Museum of the Socialist Republic of Romania, the Cabinet of Prints and Drawings, Bucharest, 1978-2008. 
    Vintila, Petre, Milita, Eminescu Publishing, Bucharest, 1972. 
    Vintila, Petre, Milita, second edition, Heliopolis Publishing, Bucharest, 2006. 

    3. Articles specialized volumes: 
    Vianu, Tudor, Romanian Sculpture, in: "Art and technical graphics", no. 4-5, June-September 1938. 

    4. Memoirs: 
    Zambaccian, KH, Diary of an Art Lover, ESPL, Bucharest, 1956. 
    Oprea, Petre, That’s how I knew them, Maiko Publishing, Bucharest, 1998.