CRITICAL REVIEW

 
        As a remarkable portrait painter (Bacovia, Carol Davila, G. Călinescu, Papiu Ilarian), author of some symbolic compositions (Chimera, Attempt) the artist links his name to the creation of some monumental sculptural complexes, which prove his ways of adapting the means of expression to the program of ideas. In Electrification, a work placed at Vidaru Dam on Argeş, he resorts to the human silhouette to symbolize the ruling in the natural elements’ order of the rational effort, underlining the coincidence between light and the rationale. Firstly, the monument dedicated to the poet Bacovia in Bacău is invested with value by being placed in a subjective space, hidden from the common urban space. The distance that is offered by the very enlarged base / socket removes the incidences of the street, leaving the drama of the man who embraced the weight of the poetic existence to consume itself, in solitude, a fact perceived as a meditation upon the human condition. Descended out there, in the seemingly neutral space of the concrete surface, the body endures the erosion of light, losing the attributes of concreteness and gaining even more obvious spiritual meanings. Through the poet’s moment of meditation, the viewer gains his own strength to meditate - a fact that communicates to us the fulfillment of one of the most important aims of monumental art.

Constantin Prut (2014)
From Dictionar de arta moderna si contemporana, upcoming edition, Polirom Publishing House, Iasi, 2015
 


IMAGES



    BIOGRAPHY

    (1938, Iasi - 1995, Bucharest)

    Academic studies:
    1954 - 1955 - Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Iasi, Romania;
    1958 - 1964 - Institute of Fine Arts "Nicolae Grigorescu", specializing in Sculpture, class led by Professor Boris Caragea, Bucharest, Romania.

    Scholarships:
    1986 - one month scholarship awarded by the Italian Government in Rome, Italy.
    1966 - Member of the Fine Arts Union of Romania. 
     


    PROJECTS

    Solo exhibitions:
    1967 - Solo exhibition of drawings and sculpture, Magheru Hall, Bucharest, Romania;
    1970 - Drawing Exhibition, "Amphora" Hall, Bucharest, Romania;
    1982 - Cultural Center "Jean Gagnant", Limoges, France;
    1985 – The National Museum of Art of Romania, sculpture, painting and graphics exhibition, Bucharest, Romania;
    1990 – Drawing exhibition, Palais Delphinal de Saint Donat, Romans, France;
    1991 - Drawing exhibition, Credit Lyonnais Bank, Romans, France;
    1992 - Drawing and painting exhibition, La Compagnie "Le Forum", Lyon, France;
    1993 - Romanian Cultural Institute, sculpture, painting and drawing exhibition, Paris, France;
    1994 - "Galla" Gallery, Bucharest, Romania;
              - Drawing Exhibition held at Dudley Museum, Dudley, Midlands, UK.
     
    Group exhibitions:
    1964 - Annual Exhibition of Fine Art, Bucharest, Romania;
               - The Centenary of Artistic Education in Romania, "Dalles" Hall, The National Museum of Art of Romania, Bucharest, Romania;
    1965 – The Sculpture and Painting Exhibition of Bucharest, participating with the work Catrina (stone portrait, 68 x 30 x 45 cm), Bucharest, Romania;
             - Public Institute of Fine Arts Exhibition, participating with the work Prometheus (gypsum), Bucharest, Romania;
    1966 - Sculpture and Painting Biennial, participating with the work Joan (stone, h: 0.65 m), Bucharest, Romania;
             - Romanian Art Itinerary Exhibition, Prague (Czech Republic), Athens (Greece), Ankara (Turkey);
    1967 – Salon de la Jeune Sculpture, participating with the work Ordeal (painted iron), Paris, France;
             - "Constantin Brancusi"International Colloquium, Bucharest, Mogosoaia, Romania;
             - Youth Biennial, Fifth Edition, Paris, France;
    1968 - Decorative Art Triennale, Milan, Italy;
             - Annual Sculpture and Painting Exhibition, Bucharest, Romania;
             - Collective Exhibition of Romanian Art, Bern, Switzerland;
             - Youth Cenacle, Bucharest, Romania;
    1969 - International Sculpture Exhibition of In Open Air, Pagani Foundation, Legano, Italy;
             - Annual Sculpture and Painting Exhibition, participating with the work George Calinescu (portrait, gypsum), "Dalles" Hall, Bucharest, Romania;
             - Youth Exhibition, participating with the work George Calinescu (bust, gypsum), Ordeal (metal, h: 3.30 m), Obsession (metal, 1 x 0.70 m), Lake (metal, 1.80 x 0.60 m), Red Study (0.60 x 0.50 x 0.20 m), "Dalles" Hall, Bucharest, Romania;
             - Collective exhibition Centennial Brancusi, itinerant exhibition, Paris (France), Brussels (Belgium), London (United Kingdom);
    1970 - Collective Exhibition of Romanian Contemporary Art, itinerant exhibition, Ankara (Turkey), Athens (Greece), Alexandria (Macedonia);
             - Salon de la  Jeune Sculpture, Paris, France;
    1976 - Romanian Contemporary Art Exhibition, Moscow, Russia;
             - Homage to Brancusi, itinerant exhibition, Paris (France), Bonn (Germany), Brussels (Belgium) and London (United Kingdom);
             - Venice Biennale, participating with the work Prometheus (mock) and George Bacovia (portrait), Venice, Italy;
    1983 - International Small Sculpture Exhibition, Beaumont Eglise du Lac, France;
    1984 - Romanian Art Exhibition, organized by the Romanian Fine Arts Union, Warsaw, Poland;
             - Mostra internationale della picola cultura Legano, Pagani Foundation, Italy;
             - Romanian Drawing Art Exhibition, organized by the Romanian Fine Arts Union, Moscow (Russia) and Ankara (Turkey);
             - International Sculpture Exhibition, organized by the Pagani Foundation, Legano, Italy;
    1987 - Fine Art Exhibition, organized by the Union of Artists, Czechoslovakia;
             - International Small Sculpture Exhibition, Legano, Pagani, Italy;
    1989 – Drawing Exhibition, Art 54 Gallery, New York, USA;
             - Romanian Art Exhibition, participating with the work Loneliness (wood), Moscow, USSR;
    1992 - Spring Shop, Bucharest, Romania;
    1995 - Venice Biennale (Centenary), participating with the work Loneliness (106 x 35 x 25 cm), Flight (72 x 27 x 20 cm), Hecate (wood, 68 x 42 x 22 cm), Venice, Italy;
             - Salon de la Jeune Sculpture, celebrating thirty years since the establishment of the exhibition shop, Meudon Art Museum, France;
             - Musée d'Art et d'Histoire de la ville de Meudon, Meudon, France.
     
    Symposiums:
    1975 - The Magura Sculpture Camp, participating with the work Morning Bird (h: 5 m; stone), Magura Buzaului, Buzau, Romania;
    1976 - National Outdoor Sculpture Symposium, participating with the work Attempt (monumental sculpture, painted iron, 10 x 6 m) from the series Birds of Galati, Romania;
    1983 – International Granite Sculpture Symposium, Vassivière, France.
     
    Monumental works:
    1971 - Prometheus (stainless steel), Hydropower Plant, Arges, Romania;
             - George Bacovia (bronze), Bacau, Romania;
    1973 - Victory (bronze), Vaslui, Romania;
    1982 – The Independence Monument (Bronze) demolished after 1990, Oradea, Bihor, Romania;
    1986 – The Great Lake, Olympics in Seoul, North Korea;
             - George Calinescu (bust, bronze), Bucharest, Romania;
    1992 – George Cosbuc (bust), Chisinau, Moldova;
    1992 – The Winner, Timisoara, Romania;
     
    Works in public collections (in the country and in foreign countries):
    National Museum of Contemporary Art, Bucharest, Romania;
    National Museum of Art of Romania, Bucharest, Romania;
    Museum of Art, "George Apostu" Cultural Center, Bacau, Romania;
    Art Museum, Constanta, Romania;
    Small Sculpture Museum, Bucharest, Romania;
    Brukenthal Museum, Sibiu, Romania;
    Pagani Foundation, Castellanza-Legnano, Italy;
    Art Center, Paris, France.
     
    Awards and honors:
    1967 - Award for sculpture, awarded by Romanian Fine Arts Union;
    1968 – Fist Prize for Drawing, awarded by Romanian Fine Arts Union;
             - The Order of "Cultural Merit" for outstanding work in the field of fine arts;
    1983 - "Ion Andreescu" Award, awarded by the Romanian Academy for the Independence Monument in Oradea, Romania;
    1986 - Award " Una Cultura per l'Europa" Award, Rome, Italy;
    1991 - Grand Prize of Fine Arts of Romania. 


    BIBLIOGRAPHY


    Prut, Constantine, Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art, Univers Enciclopedic Publishing, Bucharest, 2002.
    Vlasiu, Ioana (eds.), Dictionary of Sculptors in Romania. XIX - XX, vol. II, letter H - Z, Romanian Academy Publishing House, Bucharest, 2011, p. 230-231.
     
    Web sources:
    http://constantin- popovici.6te.net/

    Critical references:
    Barbosa, Octavian, Dictionary of contemporary Romanian Artists, Meridiane, Bucharest, 1976.
    Bénézit, E., Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs, Volumes I-VIII, Paris, 1999.
    Florea, Vasile, Modern and contemporary Romanian art, Meridiane Publishing, Bucharest, 1982.
    Grigorescu, Dan, Constantin Popovici, Meridiane Publishing, Bucharest, 1990.
    Grigorescu, Dan, Idea and sensitivity. Directions and Trends in Contemporary Romanian art, Meridiane Publishing, Bucharest, 1991.
    Grozdea, Mircea, Contemporary Monumental Art, Meridiane Publishing, Bucharest, 1987.
    Haulica, Dan, Synthesis Nostalgia, Meridiane Publishing, Bucharest, 1986.
    Ionescu, Radu, About Romanian Painting and Sculpture, Maiko Publishing, Bucharest, 2002.