CRITICAL REVIEW


        She is one of the experimentalist artists, by definition. Illustrator and literate by background, she constructs relations between image and text, between narration and plastic expression. The opening towards cultural reality feeds her availability for language experiment, utilized as self-knowing instrument in relation with the world. She freely practices, at the same time, besides writing and drawing, the collage, the film, the image, the video speech, and the alternative genres as performance and installation as a steady ground for the tridimensional object. The body-art development, which objectifies the body (Towards the White, 1970), is a speech on the space and on the possibility to cancel the distance between inner and outer. Besides, her own body and face account few of her constant themes and she approaches those using different techniques: Graphics, photography, film, object/object installation (The Pillars 1985). On different occasions, she selects intimate objects, with certain cultural stateliness, and invests them with partner function to the aesthetic adventure experience (Mrs. Oliver and Knight Thonet, 1991). Like other artists that combine the experimentalist spirit with the vanguardist one, opened to irony, Geta Bratescu is sensitive to the playful character of the artistic project. One of her typical work in this way is the urban ambient project The Magnets in the City (1974).

Alexandra Titu 
 


IMAGES



    BIOGRAPHY

    (Ploiești, 1926)

    Academic Studies:
    1945 - 1949 - Faculty of Letters and Philosophy, Bucharest University;
    1969 - 1971 – Plastic Arts Institute „Nicolae Grigorescu”, Bucharest.

    scholarships:
    1985 - British Council Documentation Scholarship in UK.

    1963 - 1983 - Editorial Review "20th century", Bucharest.

    Member of Artists Union from Romania


    PROJECTS

    Personal Exhibitions:
    1947 - Căminul Artei Gallery, Bucharest;
    1967 - Brancusi Colloquium, Dalles Hall, Bucharest;
    1970 - Workshop, Horizon Gallery, Bucharest;
    1972 - Workshop II, Apollo Gallery, Bucharest (together with Gheorghe Iliescu-Călineşti);
    1974 - Magnets, Bucharest;
    1976 - Workshop III - Towards The White, Galatea Gallery, Bucharest;
             - Studio 3 - Verso il bianco, Accadèmia di Romania, Roma, Italy;
    1983 - Remnants, Simeza Gallery, Bucharest;
    1992 - The Myths and Stories of Geta Bratescu, Museum of Art and Archaeology, University of Missouri, Columbia;
    1993 – The garden, Simeza Gallery, Bucharest;
             - French Institute, Bucharest;
    1994 - The Criș Country Museum, Oradea, Bihor;
    2008 - Geta Brătescu, Galerie im Taxispalais, Innsbruck, Austria;
    2010 - Galeria Mezzanin, Vienna, Austria;
    2011 - The Work, The Image, The Sign, Ivan Gallery, Bucharest;
    2013 - Geta Brătescu - artist workshops, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Castilla y León, Spain.

    Group Exhibitions (Selections):
    1960 - La Bienalle di Venezia, Romanian Pavilion;
    1974 - Art and Energy, Art and the City. Highlights, New Gallery, Bucharest;
    1975 - Human Body, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest;
             - The Work, The picture, the sign, Noua Gallery, Bucharest;
    1991 – object-Book\, Museum of Art Collections, Bucharest;
             - Untitled status, Timișoara;
             - Mozart’s sex, Artexpo, Bucharest;
    1992 – The Earth (intermedia), Art Museum, Timișoara;
             - The Transparency, Podul Gallery, Bucharest;
    1993 - OSTranenie, 1st International Video Festival, Bauhaus, Dessau, Germany;
             - East Europe Zone, international performance festival, Timișoara;
             - From the object to the engraving, Podul Gallery, Engraving Workshop, Union of Plastic Artists, Bucharest;        
     - Oriente Lux Exhibition , Romanian video Week symposium, Dalles Hall, Bucharest;
             - Object - Books made by Romanian Artists, Amersfoort, Netherlands;
             - Object - Books, Budapest, Hungary;
    1994 - Europa, Europa, Bonn, Germany;
    1995 - Video Forms '95, Clermont-Ferrand, France;
             - Art Unlimited s.r.l. (video department), Art Museum, Arad;
    1996 - Experiment in Romanian Art after 1960, Etaj ¾ gallery, Bucharest;
             - Exhibition dedicated to Tristan Tzara, Bucharest and Paris, France;
    1998 - Object - Books, International Book Fair, Leipzig, Germany;
    2007 - Resources, with Ion Grigorescu, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Bucharest;
    2010 - Gender Check. Feminity and Masculinity in the Art of Eastern Europe, MUMOK, Vienna, Austria;
    2011 - Istanbul Biennale, Turkey;
             - Museum of Desire, MUMOK, Vienna, Austria;
             - Ostalgie, New Museum, New York, USA;
             - alterity, Barbara Weiss Galery, Berlin, Germany;
    2012 - La Triennale, Paris, France;
    2012 - 2013 - A Bigger Splash: Painting after Performance, Tate Modern, London, UK;
    2013 - The Encyclopedic Palace, International Art Exhibition, Venice Biennale (the 55-th edition), Italy.

    Performance:
    1971 – Towards the white, artist's studio, photo: Michael Brătescu, Bucharest.


    Writings:
    Brătescu, Geta, From Venice to Venice, essays, Meridian publishing house, Bucharest, 1970.
    Brătescu, Geta, Continuous Workshop, essays, Romanian Book Publishing House, 1985.
    Brătescu, Geta, Workshop vagabond, essays, Romanian Book Publishing, 1993 / 1994.
    Brătescu, Geta, I drew with my eyes closed, 1995.

    Distinctions:
    1965 - Second Prize of the Union of Plastic Artists;
    1970 - "Art" Magazine Award, Union of Plastic Artists;
    1993 – Plastic Artists Union Prize for Environment;
             - „Ion Andreescu” Prize for The Garden Personal exhibition, Romanian Academy.
     
     


    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    META Cultural Foundation, A century Romanian sculpture. dictionary A-D, SINTEZE Collection, META Publishing house, 2001, pp. 76 - 77.

    Arghir, Anca, Mitologie (album, introductory text).
    Argintescu-Amza, Nicolae, Workshop II Exhibition Chronic "Literary Romania"nr. 28, 1972.
    Towards the White, Workshop 3 Exhibition flyer text, Meeting Galatea, Bucharest, 1976.
    Dan, Călin, Geta Brătescu - Portrait, Self Portrait, precipitation, „Arta”Magazine, nr. 7/1986.
    From the palette on camera in the “Art” magazine nr. 7/1978.
    Doinaș, A. Ștefan, The Demonic and its Exorcism, text included in “Catalogul” – poster of the  Medeea’s portraits  ExhibitionGeta Brătescu painting - „ With eyes closed”, 20th century, no. 1 - 2 - 3/1995.
    Drișcu, Mihai, concentration mechanisms, Art Magazine, nr. 4 - 5/1971.
    Grigorescu, Marica, In the Workshop, text published in the poster-catalogue of the  Portraits of Medeea Exhibition.
    Guță, Adrian, From auto-portrait to opera-as-self-portrait, 1999.
    Hăulică, Dan, Atelier I, flyer’s text, 1970 - 1971.
    Pavel, Amelia, Trajectories of gaze, Meridiane Publishing House, Bucharest, 1990.
    Petrescu, Radu, Breathing of an image, text published in the catalog – poster of the Portraits of medeea. exhibition.
    Pleșu, Andrei, Medeea and the paradox of femininity, text published in the catalog - Poster Exhibition of Portraits of Medea.
    The principle of communicating vessels, „Art” Magazine, nr. 11/1988;
    „Arta” Magazine, nr. 7/1981.
    Tătaru, Marius, Chronic published in the „Art”Magazine , nr. 7/1981.